XIII World Congress 2003
Education for Peace:
The Best Investment for Future Generations


Luigi Zanzi - Italy










Luigi Zanzi was born in Varese on the 20th of September 1938, he completed his studies in Varese (Classical high school) and in a College in Pavia, graduated in Law in 1960. He works as a lawyer, mainly in civil matters. He teaches Theory of history since 1973 at the University of Literature and Philosophy in Genova and since 1987 at the University of Literature and Philosophy in Pavia. His political engagement has been steady since 1964, with Altiero Spinelli, with the European Movement, whose Central Committee he has been a member for a long time. Today he is assessor at the Economic Program at Varese Municipality as an indipendent. He is counsellor representing Pavia University at the Center of Scientific Culture “Alessandro Volta”. He has been one of the founders, then President and today Counsellor of the Institute “Ludovico Geymonat”. He is vice-president of the International Association for the history of the Alps, with its seat in Lucern.


The field of research of Luigi Zanzi can be divided in different parts:

a) a methodological and epistemological part in which he has made researches on the historiographical working and on the different moments of history of the historical thought, from the XVI to the XX century; 

b) a part dealing with the history of alpine civilization, particularly with researches about alpine pastures high in the Central Alps (he has also made, in this field, researches on the history of migrations in a mountain environment);

c) a part dealing with the history of nature, in which he has made works about the history of “locally” natural evolution, addressing in particular to the world of forests and mainly of alpine forests;

d) a part of historical cosmology in which, in 1994, he has made researches on the epistemological aspects of the cosmological history of the universe, together with Ilya Prigogine.


Environmental education and education to peace
Eco-philosophy and eco-history

§. 1 Eco-philosophy and peace theory.

The principle of “responsibility” and its translation in an historical-programmed idea of a principle of universal peace (new interpretation under an eco-philosophical, eco-political, eco-historical point of view of I. Kant thought on universal peace).

“Political peace” and “environmental peace”.

§. 2 Peace with the environment as a fundamental value for social peace.

Theory of “imperialistic” peace and theory of “federalistic” peace.

Different connections of these two models for peace with different strategies of environmental practices.

Peace with the environment as unique strategy in order to avoid conflicts due to fights for environmental exploitation.

§. 3 Toward the theory of a natural right for peace: environmental right and individual right for peace.

Actual process of “individual” idealization of some rights already known as universal and belonging to the community.

The “natural right” as keystone of the progressive transformation of legal systems.

From the individual right for environment to the right for peace.

§. 4 Environmental education and peace education.

The problem of man’s education seen under  a naturalistic point of view.

Overcoming of traditional ideas about education focused on human beings.

Overcoming of concepts about man education in contrast with his or her natural origin.

The problem of the answer given by a natural tendency to peace within an idea of the nature in evolution.

The education to peace as a “progressive” remedy facing uncertainties, conflicts, problems belonging to the naturalistic context (new interpretation of the paradigmatic thought of G. Leopardi).

From the education to the respect for environment, to peace education.

§. 5 Spiritual values and environmental practices.

Culture of the spirit and cultures of environmental practices.

From the discovery of nature to the conscience of spirit.

The recognition of the historical adventure of nature and the perspective of a “new alliance” between man and nature (the naturalistic humanism of I.Prigogine).

New eco-philosophical interpretation of some religious values preached by Buddhism and Christianity.