XIII World Congress 2003
Education for Peace:
The Best Investment for Future Generations


Prof. Surya Nath Prasad, Ph.D. - India








Dr. Surya Nath Prasad was born in 1942 in India. He is M.A. in Sociology, M.Ed. and Ph.D. in Education. He has received Honorary Doctorate in Peace Education from USA and in Education from Nigeria, D.Sc. from Sri Lanka, and D.Litt. from Netherlands at the hands of His Excellency Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma, Former President, Govt. of India.

Dr. Prasad has taught as Associate Professor in the Colleges of Education of Gorakhpur & Nagpur Universities for the last 3 decades. Recently he joined as Associate Professor at the Bharat College of Education (Osmania University), Hyderabad in India. He was Adjunt Professor for Romano-Byzantine Institute, Brainerd, Minnesota, USA, and is a Member of Academic Council of Universite Libre des Sciences de L’ Home De Paris, France. He is a Ph.D. Guide in the Faculty of Education, Nagpur University, Nagpur, India, and Mentor in Peace Education at The World University, Tucson, Arizona, USA. Dr. Prasad is Honorary Executive President of The Global Open University for World Peace.

Dr. Prasad is former President and currently Secretary-General of International Association of Educators for World Peace (IAEWP). He is a Representative to the UN and UNESCO for IAEWP, and a Consultant to the UNESCO Chair in Education for the Mauritius State Institute of Education, Mauritius.

Dr. Prasad is Founder of An International Journal : Peace Education. He is its Editor-in-chief. He is Chief Editor of IAEWP Journal Peace Progress. He is Associate Editor of IAEWP-UN News. Dr. Prasad is a Fellow of United Writers Association of India. He is a Biographee of International Who’s Who of Intellecturals, Cambridge, England.

His 10 books, 75 papers and 4 Radio Talks on the different themes of peace education have already been published, released and broadcasted. Lund University of Sweden has published his 3 Presidential Speeches given at different national and international conferences.

Dr. Prasad participated in 55 national, continental and international conferences. He visited Republic of Korea (5 times), Republic of Croatia, Republic of Turkey, Italy (Two times), Spain and Nepal (three times) to deliver his Presidential Keynote, Guest and Special Speeches at the International Peace Conferences.

Dr. Prasad is a Co-initiator of the Global Initiative for Supporting the Second Renassance Movement through the Global Campaign for Restoring Morality and Humanity proposed by Nobel Laureate Dr. Herbert C. Brown.

Dr. Prasad is a supporter and participant in the Campaign to promote an International Code of Conduct on Arms Transfers initiated by 17 Nobel Peace Laureates under the leadership of Nobel Peace Laureate Oscar Arias former President of Costa Rica.

Dr. Prasad is a recipient of several peace awards for his service to the cause of peace.

Dr. Prasad and his wife Dr. Suman Shukla (who is an Associate Professor at the Nagpur University College of Education, Nagpur in India) have two children – Maneeshi (son) and Vidushi (daughter).

His Address for Communication is:

216, Laxminagar, NAGPUR-440 022, Maharashtra, India
Phone: 00-91-712-2232523; Fax : 00-91-712-524079 / 524759; Mobile Phone: 0-9823134698
e-mail: dr_suryanathprasad@yahoo.co.in


By Prof. Surya Nath Prasad, Ph.D.
Secretary - General
International Association of Educators for World Peace
(A Recipient of UN Peace Messenger Award)

Problems Created by Present Education

Education has been doing great harm to the peoples who are nations and the world. And it will do more harm unless we understand education correctly, use it properly and invest it fully and universally without discrimination of any form.

Education has been producing persons of different sects, castes, colours, races, languages, nations to fight each other, and also doctors, engineers, teachers and other professionals to exploit each other ignorance but it has failed to produce man-men and women to live with mutual cooperation, help and in peace.

Hence there were 2 world wars and many civil wars and widespread exploitation and oppression of people by the people in the governments and outside of the governments, and this practice of injustice is still prevalent everywhere. Since the inception of United Nations on 24 October 1945, there have been 9 conflicts, and each took atleast a million lives. There were nearly 110 million deaths in 20th Century. Now the world is facing the problem of ‘genocide’ and ‘ethnic cleansing’. And the most recently the whole world was witnessing as mute spectator the war against Iraq waged by the two superpowers United States of America and United Kingdom neglecting the Resolution of the United Nations.

Need and Importance of Peace Education

Therefore Peace Education is essential for human survival in the New Millennium. It is needed for individual, national and global peace. In the world of physical and structural violence, peace education has a great importance because the form of peace education has to be compatible with the idea of peace which exclude direct and structural violence both. Peace education has relevance also in this age of exploitation because it teaches about justice which is the parent of peace. Peace education is also a necessity in the era of selfishness because it teachers about altruism which is itself peace. Peace education is also significant in today’s world of xenophobia and intolerance because it teaches about tolerance which is understanding that means respect for diversity and acceptance of differences. At present peace education has a great demand in the world of violation of human rights everywhere because it conscientizes the learners towards their total situations which enable them to fight for their liberation through non-violence.

Meaning of Peace Education

The real education is peace education. Therefore, education is the unfoldment of all capacities already in man. In this sense, the very definition of education is definition of man.

Definition of Man

According to one definition, “Man is made of five sheaths, viz. body, vitality, mind, intellect and spirit.” As per another definition, “man is made of earth, water, air, fire and ether.” Each element, in both the meanings of man as five sheaths and elements, has corresponding meaning like this :

Earth - Body
Air - Vitality
Water - Mind
Fire - Intellect
Ether - Spirit

Integral Education for Creation of Global Man

Educational Programmes must be framed in such a way that all the five sheaths or elements involved in man with the help of these elements in the universe must be evolved integrally. And this integral man would be able to declare, “I, indeed, am this whole world.”

Global Need of Two-fold Integral Education

Peace and Prosperity of the Society are disturbed due to continuous rise in the number of deprived peoples in the world. Therefore, these deprived peoples are in need of a type of education that can be truly compensatory. Integral education is essential and beneficial for newly born children.

Education for Whom?

Education should be for all because all have the five elements to be unfolded. All deserve to be educated fully to be human.

How Education for All is Possible?

In modern times, machines can do for everyman to have leisure. Machines can assist very nicely, effectively and successfully to solve the problem of Education for All. And a time will come soon when every home will be a school for learning to be human.

Education for How Long?

Merely learning in schools, colleges and universities, and getting degrees are not the end of education. Education should be perpetual, extensive and sharing throughout life. The extension and sharing of knowledge about the self and the universe are the basis of true learning for peace.

Method of Education

Education is more question of method or form of communication than of contents. In fact, education is a learning concept. Teaching is violence, learning is peace. Teaching does not help students and masses in making them aware, and it serves the purpose of oppressors while learning makes them aware and liberates oppressors and oppressed both. Problem-posing and dialogue methods are very useful and beneficial for learning peace.

Who Should Pay for Education?

Education, including higher education, should not be considered as non-merit good and services, and it should not be compared equally with electricity, diesel and fertilizer with respect to subsidies. Education of all grades are highly merit-good. Hence expenditure on education of all standard is not expenditure but it is an investment – investment in human resource development, and in long run, not only the particular society, but all societies of the world will get heavy returns for centuries while the cost of ignorance can be very high for every society. But education of people is very expensive. All have no resources to meet the expenses of education. And for better and democratic governance also, education is essential necessity. Hence it is responsibility of the State to educate all. United Nations, World Bank, philanthropists, foundations and rich persons and N.G.Os. should help the needy States in implementation of education for all in all grades.

Global Common Society for Peace

Therefore let the education of all levels be free for all – the children of rich and poor parents both – to feel them obliged and indebted towards all mankind to serve mutually better, and to build a global common society, and sustain peace for all.