XIII World Congress 2003
Education for Peace:
The Best Investment for Future Generations


Maria-Josè Manidi - Switzerland








Marie-José Manidi, a psychotherapist, teaches at the College for Social Studies of Lausanne,  Switzerland.

She studied occupational therapy and physical education and has a
PhD in psychology (motor control) as well as a diploma in cognitive and behavioural therapy.

For many years Marie-José Manidi has been researching the boundaries between action and psyche.

She has recently completed a research work entitled: “Physical activity and sports for people suffering from drug abuse, practised in the framework of a Harm Reduction structure”


Solutions to the problem of drug abuse


Whatever the dependence (drug addiction, eating disorders, work addiction etc.), it constitutes one of the greatest adversaries to inner peace (psychological), and external well being at socio-cultural level. Why is this so?

Psychologically speaking, addiction forces the person to manipulate her/himself and her/his partner. This means that the afflicted person’s desire is transferred onto the other person and so becomes undifferentiated. Such distortion runs deep, so does the emotional bond with the other, as confirmed by psychoanalysis.

According to Damasio in ‘The Feelings Of What Happens‘, dependence insinuates a sensorial or perceptive filter, a change which affects one’s behavior and perception of the world as described by Merleau Ponty when evoking the phenomenology of perception.

Dependence also induces a distortion of time. Living the present moment becomes impossible because one is not concentrated and is in a state of withdrawal.

From a socio-cultural perspective, Ehrenberg considers that the main difficulty for a drug addict is to realise a project; this brings about a feeling of personal and social incompetence. The author defines dependence as a pathology of action and will.

We shall end this presentation with the results of a study, showing that physical activity and sports may be considered a possible solution to drug addiction.